考研英语(一)完整真题及答案

2021-01-24 考研试题

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  Could a hug a day keep the doctor away? The answer may be a resounding "yes!" ___1__ helping you feel close and __2___to people you care about, it turns out that hugs can bring a ___3__ of health benefits to your body and mind. Believe it or not, a warm embrace might even help you __4___ getting sick this winter.

  In a recent study ___5__ over 400 healthy adults,researchers from Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania examined the effects of perceived social support and the receipt of hugs ___6__ the participants' susceptibility(敏感性) to developing the common cold after being ___7__ to the virus. People who perceived greater social support were less likely to come ___8__ with a cold, and the researchers __9___ that the stress-reducing effects of hugging ___10__ about 32 percent of that beneficial effect. ___11__ among those who got a cold, the ones who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe __12___.

  "Hugging protects people who are under stress from the ___13__ risk for colds that's usually __14___ with stress," notes Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at Carnegie. Hugging "is a marker of intimacy and helps __15___ the feeling that others are there to help ___16__difficulty."

  Some experts ___17__ the stress-reducing,health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin(后叶催产素), often called"the bonding hormone" __18___ it promotes attachment in relationships, including that between mothers and their newborn babies. Oxytocin is made primarily in the central lower part of the brain, and some of it is released into the bloodstream. But some of it___19__ in the brain, where it __20___ mood, behavior and physiology.

  注:红色为答案

  1.

  [A]Besides

  [B]Unlike

  [C]Throughout

  [D]Despite

  介词辨析。从前后文意思来看,此处为递进关系,前后都表示拥抱的益处,Besides符合题意。因此答案为A项。

  2.

  [A]equal

  [B]restricted

  [C]connected

  [D]inferior

  考查词汇意思和并列关系。此处的词汇应该与close意思相近。拥抱使人与人亲近,当然也让人联系紧密。Connected有联系的,符合题意。因此答案为C项。

  3.

  [A]view

  [B]host

  [C]lesson

  [D]choice

  固定搭配。a host of 意为许多。拥抱能带来很多健康好处。符合题意。因此答案为B选项。

  4.

  [A]avoid

  [B]forget

  [C]recall

  [D]keep

  根据句子意思,拥抱能让人避免冬天生病。其他几个词汇均不符合题意。因此答案为A选项。

  5.

  [A]collecting

  [B]affecting

  [C]guiding

  [D]involving

  动词辨析。该句的意思是这项研究包含了400名健康的成年人。D选项involve具有包含的意思。collect意为收集,affect意为影响,guide意为指导,均不符合题意。因此答案为D选项。

  6.

  [A]on

  [B]in

  [C]at

  [D]of

  固定搭配。去掉修饰成分,可以看到句子主干为researchers examined the effects of hugs__the participants' susceptibility.对参与者敏感性的影响。effect on sth.对…的影响。因此答案为A选项。

  7.

  [A]devoted

  [B]attracted

  [C]lost

  [D]exposed

  动词辨析。be exposed to 遭受;暴露于,be devoted to 致力于,be attracted to 被吸引,be lost to 不再属于…;无动于衷。be exposed to 符合题意。因此答案为D选项。

  8.

  [A]along

  [B]across

  [C]down

  [D]out

  固定搭配。Come down with 生病 come along with 随同,一起 come across with 偿付 come out with 发布,展出。只有come down with a cold感冒,符合题意。因此答案为C选项。

  9.

  [A]imagined

  [B]denied

  [C]doubted

  [D]calculated

  考查动词。根据后文32%这一数据可以推测出此处的动词意为计算calculate。imagine想象,deny否认,doubt怀疑都不符合原文意思。因此答案为D选项。

  10.

  [A]served

  [B]restored

  [C]explained

  [D]required

  结合第九题,此处计算到这种影响解释说明了这个32%的比例,其他数据都不能起到解释的意思。serve服务;resore恢复,储存;require要求。因此答案为C选项。

  11.

  [A]Thus

  [B]Still

  [C]Rather

  [D]Even

  考查逻辑关系词。后面的内容是对前一句话程度的进一步加深,even甚至,即使。符合语义。因此答案为D选项。

  12.

  [A]defeats

  [B]symptoms

  [C]errors

  [D]tests

  考查词义。即使是感冒的人,如果有强大的.社会支持,经常和别人拥抱,就很少有感冒的症状。symptom症状,征兆符合题意。因此答案为B选项。

  13.

  [A]highlighted

  [B]increased

  [C]controlled

  [D]minimized

  上下文语义及词义辨析。拥抱能够保护处于压力之下的人们免受增加的感冒风险的威胁。因此答案为B选项。

  14.

  [A]presented

  [B]equipped

  [C]associated

  [D]compared

  考查固定搭配。根据上下文,原文中说“感冒是和压力相联系的”,be associated with.

  “和...有关”be presented with 和…一起出席,be equipped with 装备,be compared with比较。C选项associated with 符合题意。因此答案为C选项。

  15.

  [A]assess

  [B]generate

  [C]moderate

  [D]record

  考查动词。拥抱能够帮助人们产生一种感觉,此处应填generate。因此答案为B选项。

  16.

  [A]in the name of

  [B] in the form of

  [C]  in the face of

  [D] in the way of

  固定搭配。根据句子意思,拥抱能让人产生一种面对危险的时候,别人会来帮你的感觉。in the face of 面对,in the name of 以…的名义,in the way of 在…方面。In the face of 符合题意。因此答案为C。

  17.

  [A]attribute

  [B]commit

  [C]transfer

  [D]return

  固定搭配。句子主干为some experts ___ the benefits to …  attribute to 归因于,commit to 承诺,承担责任,transfer to 转到,return to回到。因此答案为A选项。

  18.

  [A]unless

  [B]because

  [C]though

  [D]until

  考查逻辑关系词。根据上下文可以看出,后面的一句话是对前面的话进行的解释,表示原因。所以选because.因此答案为B选项。

  19.

  [A]remains

  [B]emerges

  [C]vanishes

  [D]decreases

  考查动词词义。根据前后文意思,一部分后叶催产素已经释放到血液中,那么另一些保留在大脑中发挥作用。remain保存,保留,emerge出现,vanish消失,decrease减少。因此答案为A选项。

  20.

  [A]experiences

  [B]combines

  [C]justifies

  [D]influences

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